Provided by: University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Kentucky Department of Public Healthcare-associated/Antibiotic Resistance (HAI/AR) Prevention Program, and Atom Alliance


The rapid emergence and proliferation of multidrug resistant micro-organisms (MDROs) threaten society’s ability to effectively treat common infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi in patients throughout the world. Multidrug-resistant organisms have the potential to be transmitted from one person to another resulting in costly infections that are difficult to treat. In the United States, at least 2 million people each year acquire serious infections with bacteria that are resistant to at least one or more of the antibiotics designed to treat those infections. In addition, new resistance mechanisms among microorganisms are emerging and spreading rapidly throughout the globe.

Antibiotic use is recognized as the primary selective pressure driving antimicrobial resistance (AR) as resistance is a natural process in the evolution of bacteria and microorganisms. However, in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that up to 50% of all antibiotic use in humans and much of the antibiotics used in animals are unnecessary and inappropriate. This has resulted in an increase in AR that jeopardizes the health of patients throughout the world. Therefore, improving antibiotic use through judicious practice is viewed as one of the most important methods in reducing antibiotic resistance and preserving the ability of antibiotics to fight infection and protect patients.

Learning Outcome:

Participants will be able to provide information for improvement of antibiotic prescribing in their healthcare settings.


The attendees of this program will be able to:
  • Describe information on best practices and recommended guidelines surrounding antibiotic prescribing
  • Provide information and guidelines for implementation of Antimicrobial Stewardship programs within particular healthcare settings
  • Plan successful methods for interprofessional collaboration of prescribing providers, organizational leadership, pharmacists, and non-prescribing nursing staff

Target Audience:

All healthcare practitioners responsible for prescribing antibiotics as well as non-prescribing registered nurses, pharmacists, infection preventionists, and quality staff.

Credit Requirements:

Successful completion includes completing the activity, its accompanying evaluation and/or posttest (score 70% or higher) and requesting credit online at the conclusion of the activity.

This project was supported by grant number R13HS026357 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality