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Recognizing Medical Conditions that Mimic Dementia

Activity Details
  • Credit Amounts:
    • CME: 1.00
    • Other: 1.00
    • ASWB ACE: 1.00
    • CNE: 1.00
  • Cost: Free
  • Release: Jul 25, 2023
  • Expires: Jul 24, 2026
  • Estimated Time to Complete:
    1 Hour(s)
  • Average User Rating:
    (16 Ratings)


Gregory A.  Jicha Gregory A. Jicha, MD, PhD
Professor, Neurology
Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
Sanders-Brown Center on Aging
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
Lexington, Kentucky

Needs Statement

Many healthcare providers equate dementia with Alzheimer’s disease. Few understand or diagnose across the full spectrum of causes for the appearance of a clinical dementia. In our studies, almost one-third of subjects with memory problems had an identifiable medical cause for dementia that was missed on routine medical examination by their primary medical team.
Pervasive dogma in the field suggests that such differentiation is not important for healthcare decisions. Furthermore, the focus of care is on the lack of cures for these conditions rather than on identifying treatable symptom complexes in many patients presenting with memory loss or other cognitive symptoms.

Target Audience

Physicians, Nurses, Nurse Practitioners, Social Workers, Nursing Home Administrators, Home Health Providers, and other health care professionals.


Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to:
  • List at least three reversible medical conditions that could mimic the signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Discuss the American Academy of Neurology practice parameters for recommended clinical tests and evaluations that should be completed in order to rule out reversible causes of the dementia
  • Recognize the unique clinical strategies in screening for cognitive impairment with special populations, such as persons with intellectual disabilities


In support of improving patient care, University of Kentucky HealthCare CECentral is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

This enduring material is designated for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

UK Healthcare CECentral certifies this activity for 1.00 hour of participation.

As a Jointly Accredited Organization, UK HealthCare CECentral is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved under this program. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. UK HealthCare CECentral maintains responsibility for this course. Social workers completing this course receive 1.00 clinical continuing education credit.

The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 1.00 nursing contact hour.

Faculty Disclosure

All planners, faculty, and others in control of educational content are required to disclose all their financial relationships with ineligible companies within the prior 24 months. An ineligible company is defined as one whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients. Financial relationships are relevant if the educational content an individual can control is related to the business lines or products of the ineligible company.

Gregory Jicha, MD (planner and speaker) has relevant financial relationships with commercial interests as follows:
Lilly - Contract Research - Payment for Services, Esai - Contract Research - Payment for Services, Baxter - Contract Research - Payment for Services, Quintiles Medical Education - CME Speaker - Honorarium, Alltech - Contract Research - Payment for Services

All of the relevant financial relationships listed for these individuals have been mitigated.

The material presented in this course represents information obtained from the scientific literature as well as the clinical experiences of the speakers. In some cases, the presentations might include discussion of investigational agents and/or off-label indications for various agents used in clinical practice. Speakers will inform the audience when they are discussing investigational and/or off-label uses.
Content review confirmed that the content was developed in a fair, balanced manner free from commercial bias. Disclosure of a relationship is not intended to suggest or condone commercial bias in any presentation, but it is made to provide participants with information that might be of potential importance to their evaluation of a presentation.


In collaboration with UK Sanders-Brown Center on Aging.